House Finch

A western species until the 1940s, the House Finch was introduced to the East Coast by an unethical pet dealer. When some were let loose, they quickly adapted and spread, eventually occupying all of the eastern states as well.


Roland Jordahl
House Finch, male
Patty Jennings
House Finch, Male (L) and females
Linda Petersen
House Finch, male (L) and female (R)
Michele Sutton
House Finch, juvenile


House FinchRoland Jordahl
Roland Jordahl House Finch, male

Scientific Name: Haemorhous mexicanus.
Family: Finch.
Length: 5-3/4 inches.
Wingspan: 9-1/2 inches.
Distinctive Markings: Male has reddish forehead, breast and rump; female is streaked gray and brown above, with a lighter underside. Both sexes have brown-streaked bellies.
Nest: A cup made of natural materials, string and feathers on tree branches or manmade structures; holds four to five spotted bluish-white eggs.
Voice: A varied warble, often ending in a long “veeerrr.”
Habitat: Woodlands, parks, residential areas, farms, deserts.
Diet: Seeds, berries and weeds.
Backyard Favorites: Nyjer, sunflower, mixed birdseed, peanuts, fruit, suet and sugar water.

Bird Song & Range Map

Listen to the House Finch’s song and learn where to spot them!

Bird songs provided by the Cornell Lab of Ornithology.

House Finch Bird SpeciesRange maps provided by Kaufman Field Guides, the official field guide of Birds & Blooms.

Jill Staake
Jill lives in Tampa, Florida, and writes about gardening, butterflies, outdoor projects and birding. When she's not gardening, you'll find her reading, traveling and happily digging her toes into the sand on the beach.