The Scarlet Tanager devours many destructive caterpillars and wood-boring beetles, most often but not exclusively in oaks.
Scientific Name: Piranga olivacea.
Length: 7 inches.
Wingspan: 11-1/2 inches.
Distinctive Markings: Male is bright red (or occasionally orange) with black wings until fall, when it molts to yellow-green. Female looks identical to yellow-green male, with wings dark olive green instead of black.
Nest: Shallow saucer-shaped nest; holds two to five light speckled eggs.
Voice: Whistled phrases in a rapid pattern, similar to an American robin with a sore throat. Also a short call, “chik-burr.”
Habitat: Tends to stay high in treetops in deciduous forest, especially in oaks.
Diet: Mostly insects, also some berries.
Backyard Favorites: Oranges, sugar water and grape jelly.
Bird Song & Range Map
Listen to the Scarlet Tanager’s song and learn where to spot them!
Bird songs provided by the Cornell Lab of Ornithology.
Range maps provided by Kaufman Field Guides, the official field guide of Birds & Blooms.