Top 10 Trees and Shrubs With Berries for Birds
Tasty fruits dangling from open branches entice birds, like cedar waxwings and American robins. Check out the best bird berries you should grow.
Berries are an irresistible treat for birds, particularly in winter when food is scarce. The fruits produced by these trees and shrubs provide calories and crucial nutrients that your favorite songbirds need, especially during the cold months when other natural food sources are nonexistent or buried in the snow.
Check out our picks for trees and shrubs with berries that backyard birds can’t resist!
photo credit: Fast-Growing-Trees
1. Eastern Red Cedar
Juniperus virginiana, Zones 2 to 9
Size: 40 to 50 feet tall, 8 to 20 feet wide
It may be tempting to grow several trees in a large group, but keep eastern red cedar away from apple and crabapple trees. A fungus known as cedar apple rust thrives when both apples and red cedars are present.
Pyracantha coccinea, Zones 5 to 8
Size: 6 to 18 feet tall and wide
Woody plant expert Michael Dirr says it best: “For fruit display in the winter garden, few plants rival pyracanthas.” Birds flock to the clusters of orange to red fruits (technically called pomes, not berries) and may appear intoxicated when fruits are overripe.
Why we love it: Firethorns adapt to most conditions. Choose one that is resistant to fire blight. Learn about the top 10 tree diseases (and what to do about them).
Courtesy Francis Hoefer
Ilex verticillata, Zones 3 to 9
Size: 6 to 15 feet tall and wide, but varies by species
Songbirds, waterfowl and game birds love the fruits of this common holly, especially in late winter when food is scarce. Winterberry grows best in full sun and tolerates wet soil in spring and drought in summer. Discover simple tips to attract winter birds.
Why we love it: Crimson bird berries add color to the winter landscape. Plant in groups for major impact.
4. American Cranberrybush
Viburnum trilobum, Zones 2 to 7
Size: 8 to 12 feet tall and wide
Viburnums populate a huge family of plants in a wide range of sizes and habits, each with white clusters of spring flowers that form red, blue or black fruits. American cranberrybush viburnum is among the best for its handsome rusty-red fall color and use in multiples as a deciduous hedge.
Why we love it: Few pest problems. Plus, fruit persists well into winter.
Aronia, Zones 3 to 9
Size: 6 to 10 feet tall and wide, but varies by species
Chokeberry shrubs produce red or black bird berries that are low in fat and protein, so birds wait until the more desirable foods are gone to gobble them up. These tough native plants display lovely fall color.
Why we love it: You may end up battling the birds in order to glean the berries, which are high in antioxidants but require sweeteners to make them palatable to humans.
Courtesy Christine Darnell
Malus, Zones 4 to 8
Size: Up to 25 feet tall and wide
Crabapples come in a range of sizes and shapes. All produce small apples of varying sizes and colors that remain as hard as marbles until freeze-thaw cycles make them appealing to birds. Oddly, birds tend to avoid the fruits of Adams, Donald Wyman and Red Jewel but gorge on most of the rest.
Why we love it: Lovely spring blooms of white, pink and almost red.
Courtesy P. Brian Machanic
Amelanchier, Zones 3 to 9
Size: May reach 25 feet tall
Hard-working and airy, serviceberries grow as trees or multi-stemmed shrubs. Plant a species that is suited to your region to attract birds and other wildlife. The blooms, foliage and bark stand out when grown against a dark background, like the one evergreens provide.
Why we love it: Four-season interest! From spring blooms to summer fruits to fall color to beautiful winter bark, serviceberry shines.
Courtesy Margee Cooper
Crataegus, Zones 3 to 8
Size: Up to 30 feet tall and wide
Providing good cover for many birds, hawthorns also produce scarlet bird berries that hang on nearly all winter. Thorns up to 3 inches long are both a liability and an asset, so try thornless cockspur, Crataegus crusgalli var. inermis.
Why we love it: Hawthorns tolerate drought, grow in almost any kind of soil and produce fall color. Discover the best fall shrubs to grow.
Sambucus, Zones 3 to 9
Size: 12 feet tall and wide
This luxurious shrub features long, arching branches. In early summer, it produces flat white flower clusters that turn into purple bird berries by late summer. The fruit is relished by gray catbirds, robins, bluebirds and many other songbirds.
Why we love it: Butterflies love the showy, fragrant blooms!
Courtesy Peter Brannon
Callicarpa, Zones 5 to 8
Size: 3 to 8 feet tall and wide
Tiny spring flowers produce clusters of magenta, purple or white bird berries that remain on these spreading shrubs after the leaves drop. The fruits become a good food source for many species, including mockingbirds, robins, towhees and brown thrashers.
Why we love it: It’s so easy to grow—volunteers and seeds dropped by birds may spread quickly.