Rufous Hummingbird

The most abundant hummer in the West, the orangey-red Rufous Hummingbird’s migration path occasionally leads it eastward, even as far as the Atlantic coast.


Bob O. Dean
Rufous Hummingbird, male
Shelly Leffert
Rufous Hummingbird, female
Dave Ryan
Rufous Hummingbird, male


Rufous Hummingbird, maleDave Ryan
Rufous Hummingbird, male

Scientific Name: Selasphorus rufus.
Family: Hummingbird.
Length: 3-3/4 inches.
Wingspan: 4-1/2 inches.
Distinctive Markings: Male is reddish brown on back, base of crown and most of tail with a scarlet gorget (throat). Female is metallic green above, white below and has pale rust-colored sides.
Nest: Constructs a nest of plant down and lichen; lays two tiny white eggs, rarely three.
Voice: Call note is “chewp chewp” and wings make high buzzing sound.
Habitat: Open areas, residential areas and woodlands.
Diet: Attracted to nectar and tree sap.
Backyard Favorites: Sugar water and plants for nectar.

Bird Song & Range Map

Listen to the Rufous Hummingbird’s song and learn where to spot them!

Bird songs provided by the Cornell Lab of Ornithology.

Rufous Hummingbird Bird SpeciesRange maps provided by Kaufman Field Guides, the official field guide of Birds & Blooms.

Jill Staake
Jill lives in Tampa, Florida, and writes about gardening, butterflies, outdoor projects and birding. When she's not gardening, you'll find her reading, traveling and happily digging her toes into the sand on the beach.