Each fall, Ruby-Throated Hummingbirds (even the season’s new arrivals) embark on a solo mission: migrating to Mexico or Central America. For some, the journey involves several hundred miles across the Gulf of Mexico.
Scientific Name: Archilochus colubris.
Length: 3-3/4 inches.
Wingspan: 4-1/2 inches.
Distinctive Markings: Ruby-red throat on male; both sexes have a metallic green back and head.
Nest: Builds a cup-shaped nest camouflaged with lichen; lays two tiny white eggs.
Voice: A soft “tew” and a rapid series of chipping notes.
Habitat: Areas with plentiful nectar-rich flowers.
Diet: Nectar, insects and tree sap.
Backyard Favorites: Sugar water and plants for nectar.
Bird Song & Range Map
Listen to the Ruby-Throated Hummingbird’s song and learn where to spot them!
Bird songs provided by the Cornell Lab of Ornithology.
Range maps provided by Kaufman Field Guides, the official field guide of Birds & Blooms.