Ruby-Throated Hummingbird

Each fall, Ruby-Throated Hummingbirds (even the season’s new arrivals) embark on a solo mission: migrating to Mexico or Central America. For some, the journey involves several hundred miles across the Gulf of Mexico.


David Magers
Ruby-Throated Hummingbird, male
Linda Morgan
Ruby-Throated Hummingbird, female
Roland Jordahl
Ruby-Throated Hummingbird, male


Ruby Throated HummingbirdRoland Jordahl
Roland Jordahl Ruby-Throated Hummingbird, male

Scientific Name: Archilochus colubris.
Family: Hummingbird.
Length: 3-3/4 inches.
Wingspan: 4-1/2 inches.
Distinctive Markings: Ruby-red throat on male; both sexes have a metallic green back and head.
Nest: Builds a cup-shaped nest camouflaged with lichen; lays two tiny white eggs.
Voice: A soft “tew” and a rapid series of chipping notes.
Habitat: Areas with plentiful nectar-rich flowers.
Diet: Nectar, insects and tree sap.
Backyard Favorites: Sugar water and plants for nectar.

Bird Song & Range Map

Listen to the Ruby-Throated Hummingbird’s song and learn where to spot them!

Bird songs provided by the Cornell Lab of Ornithology.

Ruby-throated Hummingbird Bird SpeciesRange maps provided by Kaufman Field Guides, the official field guide of Birds & Blooms.

Jill Staake
Jill lives in Tampa, Florida, and writes about gardening, butterflies, outdoor projects and birding. When she's not gardening, you'll find her reading, traveling and happily digging her toes into the sand on the beach.