7 Surprising Facts About Roses

You love roses, but how much do you know about them? Learn facts about roses, including how many varieties exist.

Some Roses Don’t Like It Hot

252267814 1 Nancy Camerer Bnb Bypc2020Courtesy Nancy Camerer
Peace rose

Southern gardeners probably already know this one of our facts about roses. Much like some heat-averse humans, when the temperature is over 90 degrees, roses (or rather, their foliage) will wilt. Don’t confuse this with wilting caused by underwatering…or complications of overwatering, which can make the leaves turn yellow. Psst—the gorgeous Tuscan sun rose is particularly heat tolerant.

Thinking of adding these delightful—but sometimes finicky!—plants to your garden this year? Here’s everything you need to know about growing roses.

Roses Need an Annual Pruning

how to grow roses Girl pruning rose bushes with secateursmarketlan/Getty Images
Pruning is vital for healthy rose bushes 

Garden roses need both pruning and grooming. Pruning is done once a year and involves one severe cutback. Grooming means shaping and deadheading all season. The old-school gardening advice with roses is to prune stems at a 45-degree angle away from the bud eye. But there’s no evidence that this is necessary.

Learn the steps to grow roses from cuttings.

You Can Plant Roses in (Specific) Containers

rose factsCourtesy Linda Chapman
Mr. Lincoln rose 

Many of today’s garden roses can be planted in containers, but they perform best in pots 18 inches in diameter with a clearance of 18 inches in height. Make sure you check the container’s dimensions before planting your roses!

Does your rose bush look unhealthy? Find out what your rose bush is trying to tell you.

Know When To Stop Growing Roses for the Season

how to prepare and prune roses for winterCourtesy Tatiana Mask
Roses covered in snow

While everyone loves bright roses during the growing season, unfortunately, they don’t keep blooming year-round in colder growing zones. It’s best to stop grooming roses six to eight weeks before your first fall frost date.

Worried about your roses surviving the cold weather? Don’t be! Use our step-by-step guide to prepare roses for winter.

There Are Hundreds of Rose Varieties

rose picturesCourtesy Alex Fagan
Coral Knock Out roses 

Not sure whether you want to try growing roses? There’s bound to be a species for you! There are roughly 300 varieties of roses for sale at garden centers and other stores across the U.S., and 7,000 varieties available through mail order. Knock Out Roses in particular are a favorite of many gardeners across the country.

Check out the best types of roses for every garden.

More Facts About Roses: Recognize Key Characteristics

june birth flower gift guideCourtesy Janice Dieckow
Cherry parfait rose bush
  • Naturally disease-resistant
  • Full foliage
  • Attractive shapes—rounded, tall, or arching
  • Roses have been tested, stressed, and observed by breeders for years.

After you’re done reading facts about roses, admire these pretty pictures of roses from home gardeners.

Emily Hannemann
Emily Hannemann is an associate editor for Birds & Blooms Digital. Throughout her years with the publication, she has written multiple articles for print as well as digital, all covering birding and gardening. In her role as associate editor, she is responsible for creating and editing articles on the subject of birding and gardening, as well as putting together Birds & Bloom's daily digital newsletter. After graduating from the University of Missouri-Columbia with a master's degree in magazine journalism and undergraduate degrees in journalism and English, she has more than eight years of experience in the magazine, newspaper, and book industries.