Indigo Bunting

During the breeding season, pairs of Indigo Buntings and other avian species often feed and bathe separately. It may help them avoid being preyed upon at the same time.


Roland Jordahl
Indigo Bunting
Indigo Bunting


Indigo BuntingRoland Jordahl
Roland Jordahl Indigo Bunting

Scientific Name: Passerina cyanea.
Family: Cardinal.
Length: 5 inches.
Wingspan: 8 inches.
Distinctive Markings: Male is completely blue during breeding season; plumage is mottled with gray at other times of year. Female is plain brown with buff-colored streaks and a hint of blue in the wings.
Nest: A cup-shaped nest is hidden in shrubs or low trees, sometimes in tall weeds. The female lays three or four bluish-white eggs.
Voice: Rapid double notes, “sweet-sweet, zee-zee, seer-seer, sip-sip.”
Habitat: Overgrown fields, orchards, roadsides, thickets and open spaces near woods.
Diet: Seeds, insects, grains and berries.
Backyard Favorites: Nyjer and birdbaths.

Bird Song & Range Map

Listen to the Indigo Bunting’s song and learn where to spot them!

Bird songs provided by the Cornell Lab of Ornithology.

Indigo Bunting Bird SpeciesRange maps provided by Kaufman Field Guides, the official field guide of Birds & Blooms.

Jill Staake
Jill lives in Tampa, Florida, and writes about gardening, butterflies, outdoor projects and birding. When she's not gardening, you'll find her reading, traveling and happily digging her toes into the sand on the beach.