5 Tips for Freezing Garden Vegetables

Preserve your harvest to enjoy year-round by learning the proper way to freeze your fresh garden vegetables.

There’s nothing quite like fresh, crisp veggies straight from the garden. But by late summer, you may be up to your ears in peppers, broccoli or beans. So what will you do with all those extras? Freeze those vegetables! It’s easier and faster than canning—all you need is a little freezer space to enjoy tasty veggies year-round. If you do want to try canning, here are the canning supplies you need.

Time is of the essence. Make sure you’re ready to freeze your harvest immediately after you pick it. The longer it sits, the more flavor and nutritional value it loses. If you can’t freeze your vegetables right away, store them in the refrigerator until you’re ready to start the freezing process.

Do the Prep Work

Even though your crop isn’t going directly into your mouth, it should be washed before you get started. After the vegetables are washed, cut them into small pieces. Think about how you’ll use each veggie and cut it accordingly. Prepare it for freezing just as you would if you were going to put it on the table. Check out 10 fast-growing vegetables you can harvest quickly.

Blanch Before Freezing

Think you can just throw your veggies into the freezer? Not so fast. Raw vegetables need to be blanched first. Blanching stops the active enzymes that determine the color and flavor of the vegetables. All it takes is putting your produce in boiling water for a bit.

Generally, a gallon of water per pound of prepared vegetables is sufficient. Use a blancher, or find a wire basket that fits in a large pot with a lid. Fill the basket with the prepared veggies and plunge into boiling water.

Cool Veggies Down

Immediately after the veggies are done blanching, plunge them into a bowl of ice water to cool. Keep them in there for the same amount of time they were in the boiling water. Drain them once they’re cooled, and get ready to pack them away.

Use the Right Container

It may not seem important, but the container in which you freeze your precious bounty is actually crucial. For best results, the container should be smaller than a half-gallon. For a top-notch thawed product, smaller is ideal.

Your best bet is to use plastic containers or resealable freezer bags. Plastic containers are handy because they stack well in the freezer. For vegetables with odd sizes or shapes, a freezer bag works like a charm.

No matter what container you choose, make sure it’s firmly sealed and tightly packed. Freezer burn can damage food that hasn’t been properly wrapped. And don’t forget to label the package with the date.

Eat Frozen Veggies While Fresh

Food in the freezer doesn’t last forever. It’s best to use your frozen harvest within eight to 12 months for the best flavor and highest level of nutrients. And by that time, you’ll have a whole new harvest!

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Kirsten Schrader
Kirsten is the content director of Birds & Blooms. She's been with the brand in various roles since 2007. She has many favorite birds (it changes with the seasons), but top picks include the red-headed woodpecker, Baltimore oriole and rose-breasted grosbeak. Her bucket list bird is the painted bunting.