Native plants—either you love them, hate them or don’t really know what they are. If you fall into the latter category, don’t worry. Native plants are often hard to define.
The native plant movement has been going on for the last 3 decades. Many gardeners feel the only way is the native way, while others envision weeds when they hear the term.
Back to Basics
So, what is a native plant? Talk to various experts and avid gardeners, and you may get slightly different answers.
Many classify native plants as those that were here before nonindigenous people arrived. Some scientists and naturalists feel native plants are ones that have inhabited a region for thousands of years. And finally, many others narrow the definition of native plants to the local community or region where they live.
If you look at all these definitions, you’ll notice a common thread. Native plants are ones that have been growing in a region for a long time. And they have historically provided a valuable source of food and shelter for insects, birds and wildlife in the area.
I strongly encourage gardeners to check out the native plants in their region. There are dozens of native plants groups throughout the country, and many garden centers even identify and promote natives as well.
Get Started Right
If you want to grow natives, there are a few basic principles you should know. First, make sure the plant you’ve selected will tolerate the existing growing conditions in your garden.
We have had a strong impact on the ecosystems where native plants once thrived. The soil, light and even temperatures are much different. Make sure the plant you want to grow will still thrive.
All plants benefit from a bit of extra care when you are first trying to establish them. For the best chance of success, prepare your soil before planting, keep weeds at bay, and water as needed to get plants off to a healthy and vigorous start.
Select plants that complement your home and garden design style. You can arrange native plants like your other garden plants, or you can group them together to mimic their native communities.
Keep It Under Control
Those opting for a native (and to some, a more messy) look may want to include a few “signs of civilization” to put their neighbors at ease. The University of Minnesota found people were more accepting of native-looking landscapes when they included birdhouses, border fences or a strip of mowed grass around the natural plantings.
Perhaps you just want a slice of natives in your garden bed. To make this work, look at other similar plants in their natural settings. Then duplicate nature’s design in your own garden. Keep in mind that you many need to provide a bit of guidance to keep plants within their boundaries.
If you’ve never grown natives before, maybe you’d prefer to start small. As you’re planning your garden, check to make sure all your plants (natives and non-natives alike) are equally assertive and able to coexist.
As you look around your existing landscape, you might be surprised to find you already have quite a few native plants growing. Don’t stop there, though. Build on this to add beauty, food for wildlife and a sense of history to your landscape.