Ruby-Throated Hummingbird

Each fall, Ruby-Throated Hummingbirds (even the season’s new arrivals) embark on a solo mission: migrating to Mexico or Central America. For some, the journey involves several hundred miles across the Gulf of Mexico.

Ruby Throated Hummingbird

Roland Jordahl Ruby-Throated Hummingbird, male

Scientific Name: Archilochus colubris.
Family: Hummingbird.
Length: 3-3/4 inches.
Wingspan: 4-1/2 inches.
Distinctive Markings: Ruby-red throat on male; both sexes have a metallic green back and head.
Nest: Builds a cup-shaped nest camouflaged with lichen; lays two tiny white eggs.
Voice: A soft “tew” and a rapid series of chipping notes.
Habitat: Areas with plentiful nectar-rich flowers.
Diet: Nectar, insects and tree sap.
Backyard Favorites: Sugar water and plants for nectar.

Listen to the Ruby-Throated Hummingbird’s song and learn where to spot them!

Bird songs provided by the Cornell Lab of Ornithology.

Ruby-throated Hummingbird Bird SpeciesRange maps provided by Kaufman Field Guides, the official field guide of Birds & Blooms.

Photos

Information

Ruby Throated Hummingbird

Roland Jordahl Ruby-Throated Hummingbird, male

Scientific Name: Archilochus colubris.
Family: Hummingbird.
Length: 3-3/4 inches.
Wingspan: 4-1/2 inches.
Distinctive Markings: Ruby-red throat on male; both sexes have a metallic green back and head.
Nest: Builds a cup-shaped nest camouflaged with lichen; lays two tiny white eggs.
Voice: A soft “tew” and a rapid series of chipping notes.
Habitat: Areas with plentiful nectar-rich flowers.
Diet: Nectar, insects and tree sap.
Backyard Favorites: Sugar water and plants for nectar.

Bird Song & Range Map

Listen to the Ruby-Throated Hummingbird’s song and learn where to spot them!

Bird songs provided by the Cornell Lab of Ornithology.

Ruby-throated Hummingbird Bird SpeciesRange maps provided by Kaufman Field Guides, the official field guide of Birds & Blooms.

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